Surgery remains a powerful tool for treating malfunctions of the heart associated with cardiovascular disease. Advances in medicine and technology have allowed for the development of new techniques that give surgeons the ability to make smaller incisions through which to perform a procedure. As a result, there are now many more alternatives available to a patient with cardiovascular disease. Read on to learn more about some of the different types of cardiovascular surgery .
- Coronary artery bypass surgery
The word ‘bypass’ refers to the creation of a new pathway for blood flow to the heart so that it bypasses the obstructed segment of coronary artery. The bypass is created by a blood vessel graft taken from another part of the body (usually the leg).
- Endoscopic coronary artery bypass surgery
The use of smaller instruments, endoscopes, and a monitor allows surgeons to perform bypass surgery through much smaller incisions. This minimally invasive approach results in smaller scars, reduced operative risk, less blood loss, and a faster recovery time.
- Heart valve surgery
There are four valves in the heart that are responsible for directing blood flow through the heart. When these valves are not functioning properly, heart valve surgery can be performed to repair or replace a valve with a tissue, metal, or plastic prosthesis.
- Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP)
The IABP system contains a sausage-shaped balloon and a pump that inflates and deflates the balloon. The sausage-shaped balloon is threaded through the femoral artery up to the aorta, where it is inflated and deflated during the heart’s contractions to support circulation throughout the body and to the heart muscle.
Regional Medical Center of San Jose is staffed with physicians who are on the forefront of new developments in heart surgery. We offer the very latest in safe and effective treatment options to cardiac patients throughout the region. If you would like to learn more about cardiovascular surgery, contact our staff at (408) 259-4000.
- Coronary artery bypass surgery
Physician’s, staff, local government officials, construction workers, EMS partners (including CALSTAR and Rural Metro) and visitors gathered on January 19th, for the official Emergency Department Expansion and Renovation Groundbreaking Ceremony just outside the ED entrance. RMC CEO Mike Johnson hosted the event and said the 18- month construction project will add about 45-hundred much needed square footage to the ED, and increase the bed count to 42. It’s a major phase of RMC’s $300-million hospital replacement expansion and renovation, one of the largest construction projects in the county.
District 5 San Jose City Councilmember, Xavier Campos spoke at the event and thanked Regional for its investment in the community. Because the project is providing 2-thousand jobs, it’s an investment in both the health and the economy in East San Jose and Silicon Valley, he said. Campos has been very supportive in getting the ED master plan through the city.
ED Medical Director Elaine Nelson, MD also spoke and reminded the crowd that, when the project is completed, RMC will have the largest Trauma Center in Santa Clara County, with 4 treatment bays. It will have more, private treatment rooms and state-of-the-art equipment for better and more efficient care., she said. Dr. Nelson has been part of the ED planning process since it began 12 years ago! She was interviewed about the expansion by KTVU-Ch 2 Fox News and the World Journal a global Chinese language newspaper. Dr. Nelson was among the first to put shovel to dirt at the event, along with Rick Kline, MD, Medical Director of Trauma Services , members of the Executive Team and ED staff .
Regional will continue to provide the highest level of care to our ED patients during the construction project.
During a regular physical exam, your physician will examine your breasts for the characteristic symptoms of cancer, including lumps, thickening, nipple discharge, or redness. If your doctor suspects that you may have breast cancer , he or she will likely order one or more of the following diagnostic tests:
A mammogram is an x-ray of the breast to detect tumors that may be too small for your doctor to feel. The accuracy of this test depends on the size of the tumor, the density of the breast tissue, and the skill of the radiologist. Mammograms are considered to be the most sensitive method of detection available, but unfortunately, mammograms can still miss up to 15% of breast cancers.
Sound waves may be used to evaluate lumps that have already been detected through physical examination or mammography. Ultrasound is useful in finding out if a mass is filled with fluid or is solid—solid masses are generally much more of a concern than those that are liquid-filled.
- Aspiration and biopsy
Depending on the outcome of the above tests, your doctor may decide to remove a sample of the questionable tissue to be examined more closely in a laboratory. A sample can be taken through fine-needle aspiration, large-needle biopsy, or surgical biopsy.
Many women with early stage breast cancer do not experience any symptoms, which is why having regular screenings is so important. If you are at a higher risk for developing breast cancer, it is especially important that you undergo regular screening tests. Regional Medical Center of San Jose’s Cancer Care team of professionals is extremely dedicated to providing the personalized care that every patient deserves. To learn more about our program or to be referred to a highly qualified physician, contact our staff at (408) 259-4000.
Educating yourself about your own physiology is the first step in living a healthier life. If you would like to learn more about breast cancer, robotic surgery, or any of our other recent topics, read through the resources below.
- This article from the American Heart Association website provides some helpful tips for living a more heart healthy life .
- You can learn more about the causes of stroke from the American Stroke Association .
- The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute outlines some of the risk factors for coronary heart disease on their website.
- A coronary angiography is a procedure performed to check the function of the heart and coronary arteries. Read more about this procedure in the MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia.
- Some heart problems can be inherited from your parents. Read more about congenital heart disease at WebMD.com.
- Learn more about the basics of cancer by reading these articles posted on the American Cancer Society website.
- The National Breast Cancer Foundation provides information on the types and stages of breast cancer on their website.
- This article from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention outlines the risk factors for breast cancer .
- In this article, the Oregon Health & Science University describes the benefits of robotic surgery.
- Read more about the uses and history of robotic surgery from the Brown University website.
If you have additional questions, please contact Regional Medical Center of San Jose at (408) 259-4000.
Congenital heart conditions are diseases of the heart that develop before birth, compromising the function of the heart and blood vessels. In this video, you can learn about the survival story of one woman who struggled with and overcame one of these inherited conditions.
Regional Medical Center of San Jose is committed to our community’s heart health. Our experienced staff of cardiologists, surgeons, nurses and support staff is available 24 hours a day to provide the best care possible. If you would like to learn more about us and our services, give us a call at (408) 259-4000.
The human heart is a hard-working muscle that is vital for the proper functioning of the rest of the body. Without a healthy heart, your organs and tissues cannot receive adequate oxygen and nutrients, keeping them from performing at their optimal levels. There are many diagnostic procedures, both old and new, that physicians have at their disposal to check a patient’s cardiac condition. These diagnostic tests include, but are not limited to:
- Contrast Echocardiography
This test uses a contrast agent to visualize the structures of your heart with great clarity and detail. The contrast agent enhances the “echoes” that are reflected back from the heart to the transducer, which allows a physician to monitor various aspects of cardiac function .
An echocardiogram is a test that uses the echoes of sound waves to produce a live image of the heart in motion. This test visualizes the shape and size of the heart and its chambers and valves.
- Exercise Tolerance ECG
This test monitors the functioning of your heart in response to increases and decreases in physical activity.
- Holter Monitor
When your physician cannot ‘catch’ a cardiac problem with a single ECG, he or she may order a Holter monitor test. This test is used to monitor the heart rhythm and rate continuously for a certain period of time.
- Nuclear Imaging
This test is performed to monitor the blood flow to the heart muscle through the coronary arteries. The scan uses a radioactive ‘tracer’ to visualize the blood flow to the heart muscle.
- Vascular Ultrasound
In this test, images of the vascular system are formed by ultrasound to evaluate the body’s arteries and veins.
Regional Medical Center of San Jose is proud to provide the full range of cardiac diagnostic tests to the community of San Jose, California. If you would like to learn more about our services, please contact our friendly staff at (408) 259-4000 today.
- Contrast Echocardiography
Breast cancer occurs when cells in the breast tissue divide without control or order, free from the normal regulative processes of the body. After cells divide like this for a certain amount of time, a mass of tissue called a growth or a tumor forms. Cancerous tumors can invade nearby tissue and spread their cells to other organs and body structures. Although many may consider breast cancer as a disease that only affects women, it can actually occur more aggressively in men. Read on to learn about common breast cancer risk factors.
Women are at a much higher risk of developing breast cancer, but men can also develop the disease
Men and women ages 50 and older are at a higher risk for breast cancer
Caucasians have shown to develop this type of cancer more often than any other race
- Family history
If any of your close relatives have battled this disease, you may be more likely to develop it
- Personal history
You are at higher risk if you have already had personal history with the disease
- Changes in certain genes
Changes in the BRCA1, BRCA2, and other genes put you at higher risk
- Changes in breast tissue
Changes can include atypical ductal hyperplasia, radial scar formation, and lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS)
- Radiation therapy before the age of thirty
- Overuse of alcohol
- Increased exposure to estrogen over a lifetime through :
- Tobacco use
- Early onset of menstruation
- Late onset of menopause
- No childbearing
- Late childbearing
- Absence of breast-feeding
- Hormone replacement therapy
- Increased breast density
This occurs when the breast contains more ductal and lobular tissue and less fatty tissue
If you are looking for further information or guidance regarding breast cancer, Regional Medical Center of San Jose is here for you. Contact us at (408) 259-4000 or visit our website.