Heart Disease – Examining the Different Types of Cardiovascular Surgery
Surgery remains a powerful tool for treating malfunctions of the heart associated with cardiovascular disease. Advances in medicine and technology have allowed for the development of new techniques that give surgeons the ability to make smaller incisions through which to perform a procedure. As a result, there are now many more alternatives available to a patient with cardiovascular disease. Read on to learn more about some of the different types of cardiovascular surgery .
- Coronary artery bypass surgery
The word ‘bypass’ refers to the creation of a new pathway for blood flow to the heart so that it bypasses the obstructed segment of coronary artery. The bypass is created by a blood vessel graft taken from another part of the body (usually the leg).
- Endoscopic coronary artery bypass surgery
The use of smaller instruments, endoscopes, and a monitor allows surgeons to perform bypass surgery through much smaller incisions. This minimally invasive approach results in smaller scars, reduced operative risk, less blood loss, and a faster recovery time.
- Heart valve surgery
There are four valves in the heart that are responsible for directing blood flow through the heart. When these valves are not functioning properly, heart valve surgery can be performed to repair or replace a valve with a tissue, metal, or plastic prosthesis.
- Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP)
The IABP system contains a sausage-shaped balloon and a pump that inflates and deflates the balloon. The sausage-shaped balloon is threaded through the femoral artery up to the aorta, where it is inflated and deflated during the heart’s contractions to support circulation throughout the body and to the heart muscle.
Regional Medical Center of San Jose is staffed with physicians who are on the forefront of new developments in heart surgery. We offer the very latest in safe and effective treatment options to cardiac patients throughout the region. If you would like to learn more about cardiovascular surgery, contact our staff at (408) 259-4000.