Exploring the Emergency Procedures for Stroke Treatment
The outcome of a stroke is highly dependent on the emergency care provided for the episode, since permanent brain damage will continue to take place until blood flow is effectively restored in the brain. There are two different types of stroke that will determine what type of care is needed, and Regional Medical Center is fully equipped to take on both hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke cases as a Comprehensive Stroke Center serving the San Jose community. This article will walk you through the different procedures that may be necessary for emergency stroke treatment for you or a loved one.
In the case of ischemic stroke, which is caused by a clot in the arteries of the brain, tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) will be administered to break up the clots and restore blood flow. This type of clot busting medication is only effective when it is given within 4 hours of the onset of stroke symptoms. Otherwise, antiplatelet or anticoagulant medications will be given to restore adequate blood flow in the arteries.
Similar to treatment for a heart attack, carotid endarterectomy will reopen a blocked carotid artery with a catheter fed through the groin. This procedure is typically appropriate for patients who have a preexisting diagnosis of carotid artery disease.
When a hemorrhagic stroke has taken place, treatment will require a surgical approach. Hemorrhagic stroke takes place when an aneurysm ruptures or there is some other type of damage to one of the small arteries in the brain. Surgery such as coil embolization and arteriovenous malformation repair will stop the bleeding and restore healthy blood flow.
Because Regional Medical Center of San Jose is a Comprehensive Stroke Center , we have full surgical capabilities to address all cases of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke with improved long-term outcomes and reduced fatalities. To learn more about the symptoms of stroke and appropriate emergency procedures, give us a call at (888) 762-8881 and speak with one of our registered nurses.