Cardiac arrest often happens without warning, catching both the sufferer and their loved ones off-guard. However, although symptoms may not appear before the cardiac arrest incident occurs, by knowing your risk factors for experiencing it, you can be aware and let your loved ones know to be vigilant as well. Cardiac arrest can result in death in minutes if a sufferer doesn’t receive emergency care right away, so it’s important to know and manage these risk factors.
Previous heart attack
Many people who experience cardiac arrest have had a heart attack in the past. During a heart attack, the heart can become so damaged that the malfunction that causes cardiac arrest is more likely to happen.
Having a family history of massive heart attacks can also increase the risk of experiencing cardiac arrest, even if you have not experienced a heart attack personally.
Rapid heart rate
Before experiencing cardiac arrest, many sufferers have periodic episodes of rapid heart rate. The sensation of a racing heart may come and go without any warning or without any clear reason. For example, you may notice that your heart seems to be racing while you are at rest.
You don’t have to be officially diagnosed with an abnormal heart rhythm to experience this symptom. However, being diagnosed with any kind of arrhythmia does increase the risk of cardiac arrest.
Low ejection fraction
Ejection fraction, or EF, refers to how much blood your ventricles pump every time your heart beats. If your EF is low, your risk of experiencing cardiac arrest is increased.
Generally, an EF of less than 35% is considered to be low. However, your physician can determine if your EF is low and if your chances are having cardiac arrest are higher than normal.
Cardiac arrest is a serious, life-threatening condition, but the ER at Regional Medical Center of San Jose are here to provide life-saving heart care around the clock. Our cardiovascular department also includes a specialized cardiac electrophysiology lab for treating problems with heart rhythm. For a referral to a cardiac specialist in San Jose, call (888) 762-8881.
For some women, breast cancer is the result of a specific genetic mutation. Most of the cases of breast cancer that are linked to a genetic mutation are caused by the BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations. Because of this, many women wonder if they should have genetic testing performed to determine if they have the mutations. Knowing that the mutations are present can help women take a more informed approach to preventive care. However, genetic testing is not right for all women—and in some cases, it can cause more problems than it solves. Here are some of the things to consider when you’re making your decision about genetic testing.
Do you have a family history of breast cancer?
Generally, genetic testing is not recommended for people who do not have a family history of breast cancer. It should be considered only if you have a family history of breast cancer, including family members who developed the disease at a young age and cases of breast cancer in men in the family.
These cases should have occurred in close family members—parents, siblings, children, grandparents, uncles, aunts, nieces, nephews, and first cousins. Breast cancer in more distant relatives is not usually considered to be a good indicator of the need for genetic testing.
Do you have a family history of other kinds of cancer?
As discussed in the video, there are some other forms of cancer that are also linked to gene mutations. These include:
- Ovarian cancer
- Pancreatic cancer
- Metastatic or aggressive prostate cancer
If close family members have experienced these diseases, talk to your physician about whether genetic testing could be right for you.
Are you prepared for all of the potential outcomes?
Having a gene mutation associated with breast cancer does not guarantee that you will get the disease, but it does put you in a position of having to make a decision about what steps to take next. Some people find the knowledge that they have a gene mutation more stressful than helpful.
Talk to your women’s services specialist at Regional Medical Center of San Jose to find out if genetic testing could be helpful for you. We offer comprehensive women’s health services and cancer care, using a variety of advanced screening and diagnostic tools. To learn more, call us at (888) 762-8881.